wc — print newline, word, and byte counts for each file


wc [OPTION...] [FILE...]

wc [OPTION...] −−files0−from=F


Print newline, word, and byte counts for each FILE, and a total line if more than one FILE is specified. A word is a non−zero−length sequence of printable characters delimited by white space.

With no FILE, or when FILE is −, read standard input.

The options below may be used to select which counts are printed, always in the following order: newline, word, character, byte, maximum line length.

−c, −−bytes

print the byte counts

−m, −−chars

print the character counts

−l, −−lines

print the newline counts


read input from the files specified by NUL−terminated names in file F; If F is − then read names from standard input

−L, −−max−line−length

print the maximum display width

−w, −−words

print the word counts


display this help and exit


output version information and exit


Written by Paul Rubin and David MacKenzie.


GNU coreutils online help: <>

Report any translation bugs to <>


Full documentation <>

or available locally via: info '(coreutils) wc invocation'


Copyright © 2022 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <>.

This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.