dir_colors — configuration file for dircolors(1)
The program ls(1) uses the environment
LS_COLORS to determine
the colors in which the filenames are to be displayed. This
environment variable is usually set by a command like
eval `dircolors some_path/dir_colors`
found in a system default shell initialization file, like
/etc/csh.cshrc. (See also dircolors(1).) Usually, the
file used here is
/etc/DIR_COLORS and can be overridden by a
.dir_colors file in
one's home directory.
This configuration file consists of several statements, one per line. Anything right of a hash mark (#) is treated as a comment, if the hash mark is at the beginning of a line or is preceded by at least one whitespace. Blank lines are ignored.
section of the file consists of any statement before the
TERM statement. Any
statement in the global section of the file is considered
valid for all terminal types. Following the global section is
one or more
preceded by one or more
statements which specify the terminal types (as given by the
TERM environment variable) the
following declarations apply to. It is always possible to
override a global declaration by a subsequent
The following statements are recognized; case is insignificant:
Starts a terminal-specific section and specifies
which terminal it applies to. Multiple
TERM statements can be used to create
a section which applies for several terminal types.
(Slackware only; ignored by GNU dircolors(1).)
Specifies that colorization should always be enabled
enabled only if the output is a terminal (
tty). The default is
(Slackware only; ignored by GNU dircolors(1).)
Specifies that eight-bit ISO 8859 characters should be
enabled by default. For compatibility reasons, this can
also be specified as 1 for
yes or 0 for
no. The default is
(Slackware only; ignored by GNU dircolors(1).) Adds command-line options to the default ls command line. The options can be any valid ls command-line options, and should include the leading minus sign. Note that dircolors does not verify the validity of these options.
Specifies the color used for normal (nonfilename) text.
Specifies the color used for a regular file.
Specifies the color used for directories.
Specifies the color used for a symbolic link.
Specifies the color used for an orphaned symbolic
link (one which points to a nonexistent file). If this
is unspecified, ls will use the
LINK color instead.
Specifies the color used for a missing file (a
nonexistent file which nevertheless has a symbolic link
pointing to it). If this is unspecified, ls will use the
FILE color instead.
Specifies the color used for a FIFO (named pipe).
Specifies the color used for a socket.
(Supported since fileutils 4.1) Specifies the color used for a door (Solaris 2.5 and later).
Specifies the color used for a block device special file.
Specifies the color used for a character device special file.
Specifies the color used for a file with the executable attribute set.
Specifies the color used for a file with the set-user-ID attribute set.
Specifies the color used for a file with the set-group-ID attribute set.
Specifies the color used for a directory with the sticky attribute set.
Specifies the color used for an other-writable directory with the executable attribute set.
Specifies the color used for an other-writable directory without the executable attribute set.
Specifies the left code for non-ISO 6429 terminals (see below).
Specifies the right code for non-ISO 6429 terminals (see below).
Specifies the end code for non-ISO 6429 terminals (see below).
Specifies the color used for any file that ends in
the color used for any file that ends in .
extension. Note that
the period is included in the extension, which makes it
impossible to specify an extension not starting with a
period, such as
files. This form should be considered obsolete.
Most color-capable ASCII terminals today use ISO 6429
(ANSI) color sequences, and many common terminals without
color capability, including
xterm and the widely used
and cloned DEC VT100, will recognize ISO 6429 color codes
and harmlessly eliminate them from the output or emulate
them. ls uses
ISO 6429 codes by default, assuming colorization is
ISO 6429 color sequences are composed of sequences of numbers separated by semicolons. The most common codes are:
0 to restore default color 1 for brighter colors 4 for underlined text 5 for flashing text 30 for black foreground 31 for red foreground 32 for green foreground 33 for yellow (or brown) foreground 34 for blue foreground 35 for purple foreground 36 for cyan foreground 37 for white (or gray) foreground 40 for black background 41 for red background 42 for green background 43 for yellow (or brown) background 44 for blue background 45 for purple background 46 for cyan background 47 for white (or gray) background
Not all commands will work on all systems or display devices.
ls uses the following defaults:
|NORMAL||0||Normal (nonfilename) text|
|ORPHAN||undefined||Orphaned symbolic link|
|FIFO||31||Named pipe (FIFO)|
A few terminal programs do not recognize the default
properly. If all text gets colorized after you do a
directory listing, change the
FILE codes to the numerical codes for
your normal foreground and background colors.
If you have a color-capable (or otherwise highlighting)
terminal (or printer!) which uses a different set of codes,
you can still generate a suitable setup. To do so, you will
have to use the
When writing out a filename, ls generates the
following output sequence:
ENDCODE, where the
typecode is the color
sequence that depends on the type or name of file. If the
ENDCODE is undefined, the
sequence LEFTCODE NORMAL
RIGHTCODE will be used instead. The purpose of
the left- and rightcodes is merely to reduce the amount of
typing necessary (and to hide ugly escape codes away from
the user). If they are not appropriate for your terminal,
you can eliminate them by specifying the respective keyword
on a line by itself.
To specify control- or blank characters in the color
sequences or filename extensions, either C-style \-escaped
^-notation can be used. The C-style notation includes the
\a Bell (ASCII 7) \b Backspace (ASCII 8) \e Escape (ASCII 27) \f Form feed (ASCII 12) \n Newline (ASCII 10) \r Carriage Return (ASCII 13) \t Tab (ASCII 9) \v Vertical Tab (ASCII 11) \? Delete (ASCII 127) \
Any character (octal notation) \x
Any character (hexadecimal notation) \_ Space \\ Backslash (\) \^ Caret (^) \# Hash mark (#)
Note that escapes are necessary to enter a space, backslash, caret, or any control character anywhere in the string, as well as a hash mark as the first character.
System-wide configuration file.
Per-user configuration file.
This page describes the
dir_colors file format as
used in the fileutils-4.1 package; other versions may differ
RIGHTCODE definitions, which
are used by ISO 6429 terminals are:
LEFTCODE \e[ RIGHTCODE m
This page is part of release 4.07 of the Linux
man-pages project. A
description of the project, information about reporting bugs,
and the latest version of this page, can be found at
manpage for /etc/dir_colors, config file for dircolors(1)
extracted from color-ls 18.104.22.168 dircolors(1) manpage
This file may be copied under the conditions described
in the LDP GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE, Version 1, September 1998
that should have been distributed together with this file.
Modified Sat Dec 22 22:25:33 2001 by Martin Schulze <joeyinfodrom.org>