Name

encrypt, setkey, encrypt_r, setkey_r — encrypt 64-bit messages

Synopsis

#define _XOPEN_SOURCE        /* See feature_test_macros(7) */
#include <unistd.h>
void encrypt( char block[64],
  int edflag);
 

#define _XOPEN_SOURCE        /* See feature_test_macros(7) */
#include <stdlib.h>
void setkey( const char *key);
 

#define _GNU_SOURCE          /* See feature_test_macros(7) */
#include <crypt.h>
void setkey_r( const char *key,
  struct crypt_data *data);
 
void encrypt_r( char *block,
  int edflag,
  struct crypt_data *data);
 
Each of these requires linking with −lcrypt.
  

DESCRIPTION

These functions encrypt and decrypt 64-bit messages. The setkey() function sets the key used by encrypt(). The key argument used here is an array of 64 bytes, each of which has numerical value 1 or 0. The bytes key[n] where n=8*i-1 are ignored, so that the effective key length is 56 bits.

The encrypt() function modifies the passed buffer, encoding if edflag is 0, and decoding if 1 is being passed. Like the key argument, also block is a bit vector representation of the actual value that is encoded. The result is returned in that same vector.

These two functions are not reentrant, that is, the key data is kept in static storage. The functions setkey_r() and encrypt_r() are the reentrant versions. They use the following structure to hold the key data:

struct crypt_data {
  char   keysched[16 * 8];  
  char   sb0[32768];  
  char   sb1[32768];  
  char   sb2[32768];  
  char   sb3[32768];  
  char   crypt_3_buf[14];  
  char   current_salt[2];  
  long int   current_saltbits;  
  int   direction;  
  int   initialized;  
};

Before calling setkey_r() set data−>initialized to zero.

RETURN VALUE

These functions do not return any value.

ERRORS

Set errno to zero before calling the above functions. On success, it is unchanged.

ENOSYS

The function is not provided. (For example because of former USA export restrictions.)

ATTRIBUTES

For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

Interface Attribute Value
encrypt(), setkey() Thread safety MT-Unsafe race:crypt
encrypt_r(), setkey_r() Thread safety MT-Safe

CONFORMING TO

encrypt(), setkey(): POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, SUS, SVr4.

The functions encrypt_r() and setkey_r() are GNU extensions.

NOTES

Availability in glibc

See crypt(3).

Features in glibc

In glibc 2.2, these functions use the DES algorithm.

EXAMPLE

#define _XOPEN_SOURCE
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <crypt.h>

int
main(void)
{
    char key[64];
    char orig[9] = "eggplant";
    char buf[64];
    char txt[9];
    int i, j;

    for (i = 0; i < 64; i++) {
        key[i] = rand() & 1;
    }

    for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
        for (j = 0; j < 8; j++) {
            buf[i * 8 + j] = orig[i] >> j & 1;
        }
        setkey(key);
    }
    printf("Before encrypting: %s\n", orig);

    encrypt(buf, 0);
    for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
        for (j = 0, txt[i] = '\0'; j < 8; j++) {
            txt[i] |= buf[i * 8 + j] << j;
        }
        txt[8] = '\0';
    }
    printf("After encrypting:  %s\n", txt);

    encrypt(buf, 1);
    for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
        for (j = 0, txt[i] = '\0'; j < 8; j++) {
            txt[i] |= buf[i * 8 + j] << j;
        }
        txt[8] = '\0';
    }
    printf("After decrypting:  %s\n", txt);
    exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
}

SEE ALSO

cbc_crypt(3), crypt(3), ecb_crypt(3),

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 4.16 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man−pages/.


  Copyright 2000 Nicolás Lichtmaier <nickdebian.org>
Created 2000-07-22 00:52-0300

%%%LICENSE_START(GPLv2+_DOC_FULL)
This is free documentation; you can redistribute it and/or
modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of
the License, or (at your option) any later version.

The GNU General Public License's references to "object code"
and "executables" are to be interpreted as the output of any
document formatting or typesetting system, including
intermediate and printed output.

This manual is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public
License along with this manual; if not, see
<http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
%%%LICENSE_END

Modified 2002-07-23 19:21:35 CEST 2002 Walter Harms
<walter.harmsinformatik.uni-oldenburg.de>

Modified 2003-04-04, aeb