Name

atoi, atol, atoll — convert a string to an integer

Synopsis

        #include <stdlib.h>
int atoi( const char *nptr);
 
long atol( const char *nptr);
 
long long atoll( const char *nptr);
 
[Note] Note
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
atoll():
__ISOC99_SOURCE || || /* Glibc versions <= 2.19:
*/ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

DESCRIPTION

The atoi() function converts the initial portion of the string pointed to by nptr to int. The behavior is the same as

strtol(nptr, NULL, 10);

except that atoi() does not detect errors.

The atol() and atoll() functions behave the same as atoi(), except that they convert the initial portion of the string to their return type of long or long long.

RETURN VALUE

The converted value.

ATTRIBUTES

For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

Interface Attribute Value
atoi(), atol(), atoll() Thread safety MT-Safe locale

CONFORMING TO

POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, C99, SVr4, 4.3BSD. C89 and POSIX.1-1996 include the functions atoi() and atol() only.

NOTES

Linux libc provided atoq() as an obsolete name for atoll(); atoq() is not provided by glibc.

SEE ALSO

atof(3), strtod(3), strtol(3), strtoul(3)

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 4.16 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man−pages/.


  Copyright 1993 David Metcalfe (davidprism.demon.co.uk)

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References consulted:
    Linux libc source code
    Lewine's _POSIX Programmer's Guide_ (O'Reilly & Associates, 1991)
    386BSD man pages
Modified Mon Mar 29 22:39:41 1993, David Metcalfe
Modified Sat Jul 24 21:38:42 1993, Rik Faith (faithcs.unc.edu)
Modified Sun Dec 17 18:35:06 2000, Joseph S. Myers