Name

set_tid_address — set pointer to thread ID

Synopsis

        #include <linux/unistd.h>
long set_tid_address( int *tidptr);
 
[Note] Note
There is no glibc wrapper for this system call; see NOTES.

DESCRIPTION

For each thread, the kernel maintains two attributes (addresses) called set_child_tid and clear_child_tid. These two attributes contain the value NULL by default.

set_child_tid

If a thread is started using clone(2) with the CLONE_CHILD_SETTID flag, set_child_tid is set to the value passed in the ctid argument of that system call.

When set_child_tid is set, the very first thing the new thread does is to write its thread ID at this address.

clear_child_tid

If a thread is started using clone(2) with the CLONE_CHILD_CLEARTID flag, clear_child_tid is set to the value passed in the ctid argument of that system call.

The system call set_tid_address() sets the clear_child_tid value for the calling thread to tidptr.

When a thread whose clear_child_tid is not NULL terminates, then, if the thread is sharing memory with other threads, then 0 is written at the address specified in clear_child_tid and the kernel performs the following operation:

futex(clear_child_tid, FUTEX_WAKE, 1, NULL, NULL, 0);

The effect of this operation is to wake a single thread that is performing a futex wait on the memory location. Errors from the futex wake operation are ignored.

RETURN VALUE

set_tid_address() always returns the caller's thread ID.

ERRORS

set_tid_address() always succeeds.

VERSIONS

This call is present since Linux 2.5.48. Details as given here are valid since Linux 2.5.49.

CONFORMING TO

This system call is Linux-specific.

NOTES

Glibc does not provide a wrapper for this system call; call it using syscall(2).

SEE ALSO

clone(2), futex(2), gettid(2)

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 4.16 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man−pages/.


  Copyright (C) 2004 Andries Brouwer (aebcwi.nl)

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