pread, pwrite — read from or write to a file descriptor at a given offset
|const void *buf,|
pread() reads up to
count bytes from file
the start of the file) into the buffer starting at
buf. The file offset is not
pwrite() writes up to
count bytes from the
buffer starting at
buf to the file descriptor
fd at offset
offset. The file
offset is not changed.
The file referenced by
fd must be capable of
the number of bytes read (a return of zero indicates end of
pwrite() returns the
number of bytes written.
On error, −1 is returned and
errno is set to indicate the cause of the
pwrite() system calls were added to Linux
in version 2.1.60; the entries in the i386 system call table
were added in 2.1.69. C library support (including emulation
using lseek(2) on older kernels
without the system calls) was added in glibc 2.1.
pwrite() system calls are especially useful
in multithreaded applications. They allow multiple threads to
perform I/O on the same file descriptor without being
affected by changes to the file offset by other threads.
On Linux, the underlying system calls were renamed in
pwrite64(). The system call numbers
remained the same. The glibc
pwrite() wrapper functions transparently
deal with the change.
On some 32-bit architectures, the calling signature for these system calls differ, for the reasons described in syscall(2).
POSIX requires that opening a file with the
O_APPEND flag should have no effect on the
location at which
writes data. However, on Linux, if a file is opened with
pwrite() appends data to the end of the
file, regardless of the value of
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Copyright (C) 1999 Joseph Samuel Myers.
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