more — file perusal filter for crt viewing
more [options] file...
more is a filter for paging through text one screenful at a time. This version is especially primitive. Users should realize that less(1) provides more(1) emulation plus extensive enhancements.
Options are also taken from the environment variable
MORE (make sure to precede them
with a dash (−))
but command-line options will override those.
Prompt with "[Press space to continue, 'q' to quit.]", and display "[Press 'h' for instructions.]" instead of ringing the bell when an illegal key is pressed.
Do not pause after any line containing a
^L (form feed).
Count logical lines, rather than screen lines (i.e., long lines are not folded).
Do not scroll. Instead, clear the whole screen and then display the text. Notice that this option is switched on automatically if the executable is named page.
Do not scroll. Instead, paint each screen from the top, clearing the remainder of each line as it is displayed.
Squeeze multiple blank lines into one.
The screen size to use, in number of lines.
Start displaying each file at line number.
The string to be searched in each file before starting to display it.
Interactive commands for more are based on
vi(1). Some commands may be
preceded by a decimal number, called k in the descriptions
below. In the following descriptions,
Help; display a summary of these commands. If you forget all other commands, remember this one.
Display next k lines of text. Defaults to current screen size.
Display next k lines of text. Defaults to current screen size. Argument becomes new default.
Display next k lines of text. Defaults to 1. Argument becomes new default.
Scroll k lines. Default is current scroll size, initially 11. Argument becomes new default.
Skip forward k lines of text. Defaults to 1.
Skip forward k screenfuls of text. Defaults to 1.
Skip backwards k screenfuls of text. Defaults to 1. Only works with files, not pipes.
Go to the place where the last search started.
Display current line number.
Search for kth occurrence of regular expression. Defaults to 1.
Search for kth occurrence of last regular expression. Defaults to 1.
Execute command in a subshell.
Start up an editor at current line. The editor is taken from the environment variable
VISUALif defined, or
VISUALis not defined, or defaults to vi if neither
Go to kth next file. Defaults to 1.
Go to kth previous file. Defaults to 1.
Display current file name and line number.
Repeat previous command.
The more command respects the following environment variables, if they exist:
This variable may be set with favored options to more.
Current shell in use (normally set by the shell at login time).
The terminal type used by more to get the terminal characteristics necessary to manipulate the screen.
The editor the user prefers. Invoked when command
v is pressed.
The editor of choice when
VISUAL is not specified.
Eric Shienbrood, UC Berkeley
Modified by Geoff Peck, UCB to add underlining, single spacing
Modified by John Foderaro, UCB to add -c and MORE environment variable
The more command appeared in 3.0BSD. This man page documents more version 5.19 (Berkeley 6/29/88), which is currently in use in the Linux community. Documentation was produced using several other versions of the man page, and extensive inspection of the source code.
The more command is part of the util-linux package and is available from Linux Kernel Archive
Copyright (c) 1988, 1990 The Regents of the University of California.
Copyright (c) 1988 Mark Nudleman
All rights reserved.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
must display the following acknowledgement:
This product includes software developed by the University of
California, Berkeley and its contributors.
4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
without specific prior written permission.
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
(#)more.1 5.15 (Berkeley) 7/29/91
Copyright (c) 1992 Rik Faith (faithcs.unc.edu)